Views:15 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2020-05-08 Origin:Site
How to deal with the garbage on the fishing boat/work boat
The serious problem of Marine pollution has drawn attention to the problem of Marine garbage and disposal of wastes on ships. For the Marine garbage recovery program, are different. For example, the use of ocean currents to eliminate garbage, the establishment of underwater fisheries, underwater landfill, the use of garbage to build artificial islands.
So what do you do with the garbage on board? In order to ensure that the ocean is not polluted by any garbage, there are currently facilities in ports all over the world to collect garbage from ships. Advanced ships are equipped with garbage room, the garbage produced by ships can be classified and collected after packaging, and then through the special Marine garbage compressor for the garbage vacuum compression. Or directly compress the volume after stacking storage, wait until the ship shore after the treatment, to protect Marine environmental protection and prevent the occurrence of ship diseases. There must be no exposed garbage on the deck of the ship, and all garbage must be collected in soluble garbage bags.
In the United States, where signs are visible in public places on ships, the penalty for illegal disposal of ship waste is up to $250 million or up to five years in jail. Steel signs inscribed by the general administration of maritime affairs of China are also posted on the outside of the cabin and riveted with special rivets. This is because the garbage of the ship needs special treatment and cannot be thrown into the sea. (according to our President, during his years of doing business, he often encountered Chinese ships being fined in the United States, ranging from plastic bottles to cigarette butts, with fines of at least 3,000 us dollars each time. The Chinese people's awareness of environmental protection of garbage needs to be improved.)
1. The ship shall organize the garbage management personnel to implement the garbage management plan
The garbage management personnel must collect and classify the daily garbage on the ship and keep the garbage collection and storage sites clean, free from pollution, decay and foul odor.
2. Ship garbage shall be collected and stored by classification and processed and treated according to different requirements; According to the convention for the prevention of pollution by ships at sea, some waste can be disposed of at sea. For example, when food waste is discarded within 3 nautical miles (1.852 km = 1 nautical mile) of the coastline, it must be crushed into a diameter of 25 mm by a pulverizer and mixed with water before it can be discharged into the sea. Food waste can be thrown directly into the sea at 12 nautical miles. Dunnage wood, paper linings, and non-toxic cargo residues produced in the hold must be discharged at a distance of 25 nautical miles. Paper products, rags, glass bottles, earthenware and similar items can be thrown into the sea 12 miles off the coast.
3, in the sea absolutely not allow any plastic including plastic packaging garbage into the sea, such as: disposable lunch boxes and plastic garbage, plastic garbage can not be put into the ship dedicated to the incineration of garbage incineration. The plastic waste must be collected and taken off the ship by the dock cleaner after the ship's arrival. The residue of ordinary garbage after incineration also has to be put into the garbage collection bag, the quantity is large, when the volume is large, the Marine garbage compressor can be used to compress and stack it. And send it ashore for disposal.
4. The garbage management personnel must be familiar with the technical performance of the garbage treatment equipment and operate in strict accordance with the garbage management procedures; Such as master how to use Marine garbage compressor, garbage baler, etc. At the same time should be responsible for the garbage compressor equipment routine maintenance and maintenance work, so that it is in good condition.
5. The garbage management of ships must have the garbage treatment certificate issued by the special classification society and the garbage management plan issued by the maritime department. The ship's garbage record book is filled in by the chief officer and the master confirms the garbage disposal process. Garbage is to be sorted, in public places are equipped with sorting bins, and these places are marked with distinct colors. The red marked trash can is used to collect plastic and rubbish mixed with plastic products; Green marked trash cans are used to collect food waste; The blue bin is used to collect rubbish that can be disposed of at sea. Garbage must not be mixed, strictly separated.
Some of the Marine debris stays on the beach and some can float on the surface or sink to the bottom of the sea. Correctly understanding the source of Marine garbage and reducing the amount of Marine garbage from the source is helpful to reduce the impact of Marine garbage on Marine ecological environment.